Magnesium Chloride

The main application of magnesium chloride is production of magnesium metal. This is done by the precipitation process for which the formula is given in the common reactions section. Magnesium chloride is also used for a variety of other applications like the manufacture of textiles, paper, fireproofing agents, cements and refrigeration brine, and dust and erosion control. Also, presence of magnesium chloride in water decreases its freezing point making magnesium chloride a perfect anti-icer.

Another use of magnesium chloride is in the food industry - it is used as a coagulant in the preparation of tofu from soy milk.

Comment on solubility: 

Magnesium Cloride is highly soluble in water. In water it dissociates to ions: a cation of magnesium (Mg2+) and two anions of cloride (Cl-).

Solubility formula: 

MgCl2 solubility Mg2+ + 2Cl-

Solubility in water: 
54.20g/L
Molar solubility: 
0.23
Ksp: 
738.00
State: 

solid

Melting point (Celsius): 
714.00
Melting point (Kelvin): 
987.00
Boiling point (Celsius): 
1 412.00
Boiling point (Kelvin): 
1 685.00
Appearence: 

white or colourless crystalline solid

Molecular formula: 

MgCl2

CAS number: 
7786-30-3
Classification: 
Common reactions: 

Precipitation

MgCl2(aq) + Ca(OH)2(aq) solubility Mg(OH)2(s) + CaCl2(aq)

 

Molar mass: 
95.2110g/mol
Density: 
2.3800g/cm3
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